Germany 1929-47 – WJEC History Course Syllabus

‘Work and bread’ – a Nazi election poster

Year 11 – this is what you’ll need to revise.

Year 10 – this is what you’ll learn in the Autumn Term.

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1. The rise of the Nazi Party and its consolidation of power, c.1929-1934

What was the impact of the Weimar period on the rise of the Nazis?

  • The political and economic problems of Weimar

(weaknesses of Weimar government; the impact of the Treaty of Versailles)

  • The early development of the Nazi Party

(the consequences of the Munich Putsch; Hitler and ‘Mein Kampf’; impact of Wall St Crash on Nazi support)

 How and why did Hitler get appointed Chancellor in January 1933?

 Political scheming, 1929-1932

(the end of Parliamentary democracy; coalitions of Von Bruning, Von Papen & Von Schleicher)

  • The reasons for Nazi electoral success

(such as: the impact of Depression; Hitler’s appeal and promises; fear of Communism; role of SA; use of propaganda)

 How did the Nazis consolidate their power during 1933-1934?

 Hitler as Chancellor

(the significance of the Reichstag fire; the March election; the Enabling Law; suppression of civil liberties)

  • The move to dictatorship

(the events and consequences of the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes Fuhrer)

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2. Changing life for the German people, 1933-1939

How did Nazi economic and social policy affect life in Germany?

Tackling economic problems

(measures to reduce unemployment; trade unions and the DAF; the Strength through Joy Movement [KdF])

  • The treatment of women and young people

(the Three Ks; women and work; controlling education; the Hitler Youth Movement)

How did Nazi political policy affect life in Germany?

Extending political control

(the use of the SS and the Gestapo; control of the legal system; control over central and regional government)

  • The use of propaganda and censorship

(Goebbels and propaganda; the use of rallies, radio and cinema; censorship of newspapers and the arts)

How did Nazi racial and religious policy affect life in Germany?

Nazi racial policy

(the Master Race and ideas of Aryan superiority; the increasing persecution of the Jews between 1933 -1939)

  • The treatment of religion

(Nazi views on religion; relations with the Catholic and Protestant churches; the National Reich Church)

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3. War and its impact on life in Germany, 1939-1947

How was life affected during the war years?

Life during the early years, 1939-1941

(initial impact; changing role of women; use of propaganda on the home front)

  • Life during the latter years, 1942-1945

(organisation for Total War; shortages & the black market; effects of Allied bombing; People’s Home Guard)

  • The treatment of Jews during the war years

(development of ghettos; special action squads; the reasons for and implementation of the Final Solution)

How much opposition was there to the Nazis within Germany during the war years?

Opposition from civilians

(young people e.g: the Edelweiss Pirates; the Swing Youth; the White Rose group; religious groups e.g: actions of Niemoller, von Galen, Bonhoeffer)

  • Opposition from the military

(causes and effects of the July Bomb Plot)

What was the situation in Germany following total defeat in the war?

  • The defeat of Germany

(Allied invasion of Germany; the fall of Berlin and the death of Hitler; the division of Germany)

  • The punishment of Germany

(arrest and trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes; the Nuremberg trials; denazification)

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