‘Work and bread’ – a Nazi election poster
Year 11 – this is what you’ll need to revise.
Year 10 – this is what you’ll learn in the Autumn Term.
1. The rise of the Nazi Party and its consolidation of power, c.1929-1934
What was the impact of the Weimar period on the rise of the Nazis?
- • The political and economic problems of Weimar
(weaknesses of Weimar government; the impact of the Treaty of Versailles)
- • The early development of the Nazi Party
(the consequences of the Munich Putsch; Hitler and ‘Mein Kampf’; impact of Wall St Crash on Nazi support)
How and why did Hitler get appointed Chancellor in January 1933?
• Political scheming, 1929-1932
(the end of Parliamentary democracy; coalitions of Von Bruning, Von Papen & Von Schleicher)
- • The reasons for Nazi electoral success
(such as: the impact of Depression; Hitler’s appeal and promises; fear of Communism; role of SA; use of propaganda)
How did the Nazis consolidate their power during 1933-1934?
• Hitler as Chancellor
(the significance of the Reichstag fire; the March election; the Enabling Law; suppression of civil liberties)
- • The move to dictatorship
(the events and consequences of the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes Fuhrer)
2. Changing life for the German people, 1933-1939
How did Nazi economic and social policy affect life in Germany?
• Tackling economic problems
(measures to reduce unemployment; trade unions and the DAF; the Strength through Joy Movement [KdF])
- • The treatment of women and young people
(the Three Ks; women and work; controlling education; the Hitler Youth Movement)
How did Nazi political policy affect life in Germany?
• Extending political control
(the use of the SS and the Gestapo; control of the legal system; control over central and regional government)
- • The use of propaganda and censorship
(Goebbels and propaganda; the use of rallies, radio and cinema; censorship of newspapers and the arts)
How did Nazi racial and religious policy affect life in Germany?
• Nazi racial policy
(the Master Race and ideas of Aryan superiority; the increasing persecution of the Jews between 1933 -1939)
- • The treatment of religion
(Nazi views on religion; relations with the Catholic and Protestant churches; the National Reich Church)
3. War and its impact on life in Germany, 1939-1947
How was life affected during the war years?
• Life during the early years, 1939-1941
(initial impact; changing role of women; use of propaganda on the home front)
- • Life during the latter years, 1942-1945
(organisation for Total War; shortages & the black market; effects of Allied bombing; People’s Home Guard)
- • The treatment of Jews during the war years
(development of ghettos; special action squads; the reasons for and implementation of the Final Solution)
How much opposition was there to the Nazis within Germany during the war years?
• Opposition from civilians
(young people e.g: the Edelweiss Pirates; the Swing Youth; the White Rose group; religious groups e.g: actions of Niemoller, von Galen, Bonhoeffer)
- • Opposition from the military
(causes and effects of the July Bomb Plot)
What was the situation in Germany following total defeat in the war?
- • The defeat of Germany
(Allied invasion of Germany; the fall of Berlin and the death of Hitler; the division of Germany)
- • The punishment of Germany
(arrest and trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes; the Nuremberg trials; denazification)